International Space Station
Secret Militarization Of Space
Transports & Platforms
Russian Progress Launches
Page Last Updated: 11/18/2011 08:57 PM (Pacific Time)
(Check back periodically for updates)
Comments and Questions
Shuttle Countdown Clock
Right click and "save as" on large files over 3 Mbs.
Some High Definition photos of the ISS (2-3Mb) JPG's
Yes, it's very pretty. But pretty much useless as well as obsolete, like the Shuttle.
Investigations on cosmic radiation, plant reproduction and other space physics can be accomplished on unmanned satellites and platforms.
These brave volunteers risk their lives for the sake of learning the effects of long durations in space.
And some personnel conduct missions that are not revealed to the public. (DoD missions)
Onboard systems are failing and can't be upgraded to new technology as it's design prevents easy retrofitting.
Electrical as well as other systems hardware would need to be completely replaced throughout the station.
What I believe is; Its main mission is secret and a pick-up point for other missions kept under wraps as well.
A Home Depot in space...supplying food, fuel and other equipment to space stations, platforms and craft on clandestine missions.
I believe what we see on TV is a "public program" only.
And the trillions of dollars missing from the US Treasury Dept. is being used for black projects.
Of course I can't prove this yet but there is a paper-trail that supports this theory.
On this page you'll find the "Interface Definition Document" that's quite revealing.
It describes in detail, operational procedure of visiting vehicles to the ISS other
than the cargo and crew transports that we know about.
You'll also find one of the DoD budget documents showing the USAF line-item, "other aircraft" budget,
jumping from 2 million dollars in 1991, to half a billion in 1992 and 1993, each.
Coincidentally, new patents on space craft and other space stations and receiving platforms
were approved at this same time, (also below).
There is a large amount of consumables, material and equipment that are sent to the station on a regular basis.
And far more food that three people would need or use.
I concede some of the equipment is for the station expansion and to maintain it's integrity.
It needs to stay operational until another system goes online or this one is replaced.
This is one of my ongoing research projects so follow-ups are frequent.
Look at what The NASA Channel and web site are showing about it's mission.
All you ever see is short, selected external video of the station orbiting the Earth in one minute segments.
And internal video of personnel banging away on computers or eating Jell-O and M&M's in micro-gravity. Some organic experiments on vegetation growth and seed reproduction.
Studies on insect behavior. And EVA's to expand, repair and maintain the station.
As far as the ISS being an "ideal environment" for medical studies is pure fantasy.
The ISS is a "bacterial haven" because of it's closed system and human habitation.
Farther down the page, you will also find documents about the Life Support Systems.
Major problems are mold, human biological secretions (odor, sweat, skin flakes and other impurities), chemical body secretions, (methane, ammonia, acetone, methyl alcohol etc) just to mention a few.
Any "clean room" on Earth can control impurities much better and be the size of a Blimp Hanger.
The Lab Module on the ISS is limited to a few square feet for a "clean room" box, about the size of a small dog house.
Most of their precious time is devoted to staying alive!
Here is Dr. Foust's quote from The American Enterprise magazine;
"...ISS astronauts now spend 85 percent of their time on construction and maintenance alone."
Dr Jeff Foust is an aerospace analyst, journalist and publisher.
He is the editor and publisher of The Space Review and has written for Astronomy Now and The New Atlantis.
He has a Ph.D in planetary sciences from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and a bachelor's degree in geophysics from the California Institute of Technology.
NASA has been spouting about the new High Definition Television cameras on the station and the Shuttle, pointing to different areas and Earth.
Well, why don't they have a Hi-Def channel for us to see this amazing footage? Or even broadcast any footage?
NASA does broadcast the Shuttle launches and interviews at the ISS in HD on the HDNet channel but...we never get to see any Shuttle footage when it reaches orbit insertion, on it's way to the station or on it's way back.
Why?.....Because they're seeing and doing things they don't want us to see.
Whether it be other space craft rendezvous, docking at "other" space stations/platforms and probably,...UFO footage.
More on this farther below.
Russian Progress M class cargo transport:
According to Russian and American Space agencies, all the cargo transports are de-orbited and burn-up upon re-entry.
These transports are large. This would be seen re-entering and would not burn-up completely before slamming into the ocean.
I haven't heard or seen any reports of them being observed on re-entry but that doesn't mean it doesn't happen.
And I'm sure the inhabitants of the South Pacific would have something to say about this practice.
Especially New Zealand and South America.
Location of Space Graveyard
I believe, and will try to prove, some of these cargo transports are being re-used for other missions.
Russian Launches to the ISS in January, May & August 2007:
Now it seems to me, this is an extraordinarily large amount of food and water for three people.
How would they keep fruit and vegetables from spoiling? You can't freeze fresh fruit and vegetables.
Well, you can...but freezing would ruin them. And it was fresh, not dehydrated, cooked or freeze dried.
Source references to the fresh fruit are in the articles below.
...is a Russian automatic cargo carrier that was launched by a Soyuz rocket from
Baikonur at 02:12 UT on 18 January 2007, toward the International Space Station.
It carried 2.5 tons of food, fuel, water and equipment and docked with the PIRS module of the ISS at 03:03 UT on 20 January.
Notice the January flight doesn't break-down the individual weights.
How much of that was food and water? And it doesn't take three days to reach the station!
All launches directed to the ISS are supposed to be timed to make an orbit (a couple of hours at most) and then dock.
What was going on in those three days?
...is a Russian automatic cargo carrier that was launched by a Soyuz-U rocket from Baikonur at 03:25 UT on 12 May 2007.
It carried 45 kg of air, 419 kg of water, and 1.4 tons of dry cargo, 241 kg of fresh fruits and vegetables, 136 kg of medical equipment.
It docked automatically with the Zvezda module of the ISS at 05:10 UT on 15 May 2007.
(docked on the fourth day)
Four days to reach the ISS?
There is no explanation for this behavior.
Other significant cargo launches are on another page here:
Do you know how long it takes a manned mission to reach the Moon?
Saturn V Launch Vehicle: 9 minutes to reach Low Earth Orbit (LEO) after lift off.
Two days to reach the Moon after they leave Low Earth Orbit.
And this was Apollo 17, in 1972.
The Shuttle also reaches LEO in about 9 minutes.
So why does it take 4 days to reach the ISS which is also in LEO?
In the case of Progress M-65, seven days.
Perhaps this is why...
...and it fits in the Shuttle bay.
Reusable Agena Space Tug pdf (1.3Mb) /U.S. Version
The Shuttle /Agena Upper Stage interim tug concept which is emphasized in this summary report is based on a building block approach. These building block concepts are extensions of existing ascent Agena configurations.
Several current improvements incorporated or in development since 1970, have been used in developing the Shuttle/Agena Upper Stage concepts.
5.5 SPECIAL MISSION CONSIDERATIONS
A servicing mission involves the replacement of expended components on four widely separated spacecraft at synchronous equatorial positions, as shown in Fig. 5-13.
This figure presents a typical mission profile for a servicing mission accomplished by the Agena Upper Stage core vehicle (no SOT option) with 351 pounds (159 kg) of rendezvous equipment and a 300 pound (136 kg) servicing module containing 1800 pounds (815 kg) of replacement components.
The Agena rendezvous with each spacecraft in turn, and replaces 450 pounds (204 kg) of components at each spacecraft. The mission requires twelve days to accomplish, including phasing time between spacecraft.
The Agena program was originally a 2nd stage for Atlas
launch vehicles. It's design was modified and reconfigured
for an orbiting space tug. This was done from what's called the
building-block concept as described in the above pdf. What's interesting about this is the vehicle has never been announced as being part of the payload on any Shuttle
missions. The above pdf describes in detail how it can fit in the Shuttle bay
and still have more than half the bay for other cargo.
Does anyone find this fact interesting?
AGENA-D Mission Capabilities and Restraints Catalog Vol. II pdf Large (28Mb)
The last monthly report on AGENA before conversion.
This will be the final Monthly Progress Report issued by the
Marshall AgenaSystems Office.
LewisResearch Center assumes official
operating responsibility on January28, 1963, and therefore, all future
Agena reporting will be generatedand distributed from Lewis Research
Russian Segment of ISS Life Support System
Neither the Russian nor Americans have ever mentioned fresh fruit & veggies.
The table below shows part of the LSS about the food storage.
Below the table is the complete documents on the Russian LSS.
The Russian LSS is in two parts. Pay attention in Part 2, page 13 & 14.
That is Section 5 about the food storage and preparation.
Everything is in packets. Most is dehydrated. Some is pre-cooked.
But none of it is fresh.
ECLSS US Segment
(Environmental Control And Life Support System)
Initially, Space Station personnel breathed oxygen from "perchlorate candles," which produce oxygen using chemical reactions inside a metal canister. Later, the arrival of new equipment was used to produce oxygen using "electrolysis," which uses electricity from Solar panels to split water molecules into hydrogen gas and oxygen gas.
Currently, carbon dioxide is removed from the air by a machine using a material called "zeolite" as a molecular sieve,
while hydrogen that is generated from this process is vented into space.
Eventually, however, a machine will be used that combines the hydrogen with excess carbon dioxide from the air in a chemical reaction to produce water and methane. The water produced would partially replace the water used to make oxygen, while the methane would be vented to space. In the event of breakdowns, however, the ISS will maintain redundant supplies of oxygen gas for the safety of the crew.
In Humans, methane and carbon dioxide are produced in the intestines, and ammonia is created by the breakdown of urea in sweat. Humans also emit acetone, methyl alcohol, and carbon monoxide, as the byproducts of metabolism through urination and breathing. Currently, activated charcoal filters are the primary method by which these chemicals are removed from the air.
Note: Remember Tareyton cigarettes in the 60's? It's main selling point was the "activated charcoal filter."
I don't think I would depend on these filtering impurities too well.
U.S. segment ECLSS pdf (270Kb)
There is a story about a man who left this Earth and was taken on a tour of the inner realms.
He was shown a room where he saw a large group of hungry people trying to eat dinner,
but because the spoons that they were trying to eat with were longer than their arms,
they remained frustrated and hungry.
"This," his guide told him, "is Hell."
"That's terrible!" exclaimed the man.
"Please show me Heaven!”
"Very well" agreed the guide, and on they went.
When they opened Heaven's door, the man was perplexed to see what looked very much like the same scene:
there was a group of people with spoons longer than their arms.
As he looked more closely, however, he saw happy faces and full tummies,
for there was one important difference: the people in Heaven had learned to feed each other.
From: The Dragon Doesn't Live Here Anymore,
by Alan Cohen
Large pdf (13.4Mb)
Space Transportation System (STS)
PDF (6.93Mbs) 140 pages
Space Shuttle Inception 1974
Chapter 7: Upper Stages
The space tug is a propulsive or upper stage that is expected to
extend the capabilities of the shuttle to greater altitudes than those
achievable by the orbiter alone.
The space tug will have the capability to deliver and retrieve payloads to high altitude, particularly geosynchronous orbit, to inject payloads into planetary trajectories and to conduct in-orbit servicing of payloads. It is being designed to be recoverable and reusable.
The Parom Orbital Space Tug & Ferry/Russian Version
"The concept of the spacecraft, which would later evolve into Parom, apparently originated at the turn of the 21st century, when Russia first pondered the possibility of launching space station modules, originally designed to ride into orbit onboard the US Shuttle. The idea was to have a highly maneuverable space tug parked in orbit or at the space station, from where it could conduct multiple sorties to meet with recently launched payloads and then deliver them to the space station. The concept later merged with the Kliper Project and became known as Parom (Ferry)."
Notice it has docking ports at both ends.
Progress GVK or (M-2) Reusable and Re-Entry Vehicle
"Although the original Progress cargo ship was designed as a one-way transport, to be destroyed on the reentry into the Earth atmosphere, Russian designers looked at various schemes to give the vehicle the ability to return cargo to Earth."
Jules Verne ATV (Automated Transfer Vehicle)
The ATV is designed to complement the Progress spacecraft, having three times its capacity. Like the Progress, it carries both bulk liquids and relatively fragile freight which is stored in a cargo hold kept in a pressurized shirt sleeve environment so that astronauts can have access to it without putting on a spacesuit. The ATV pressurized cargo section is based on the Italian-built Multi-Purpose Logistics Module (MPLM), which is already in service as a Shuttle-carried ‘space barge’ transporting equipment to and from the Station. It is also an autonomous Space Tug.
Each ATV weighs 20.7 tons at launch and has a cargo capacity of 8 tons.
Jules Verne PDF (57 pages)
No larger image
The MSS (Mini Space Station) concept. A Jules Verne ATV evolution proposal under consideration for the future. It proposes multiple ATVs with two docking ports, one at each end. The current version of the ATV is already prepared with a docking port at the back, with the main propulsion system arranged in a cylindrical fashion leaving room for a tunnel through the middle. This concept would allow Soyuz, Progress and other ATVs to dock to the back of the ATV, allowing a steady flow of Russian vehicles using the available docking ports whilst an ATV is docked for an average of around 6 months at a time at the ISS. Source (half-way down the page)
(My Note) The MSS is suspected to be in operation now. The image (far right)
is a photograph, not an illustration.
No larger image
A Multi-Purpose Logistics Module (MPLM) is a large pressurized container used on Space Shuttle missions to transfer cargo to and from the (ISS). It is carried in the cargo bay of the Space Shuttle and berthed to the Unity Module, where supplies are offloaded and finished experiments and waste are loaded. The MPLM is then re-berthed in the Shuttle for return to Earth.
The modules are provided to NASA under contract by the Italian Space Agency (ASI). Three MPLMs were built and delivered to NASA and have names chosen by the ASI to denote some of the great talents in Italian history: Leonardo, Raffaello, and Donatello. While built by ASI, the modules are owned by NASA. In exchange for building the MPLMs, ASI receives access to U.S. research time on the ISS.
What do you make of the patch/insignia (far right) for the MPLM's?...Ninja turtle?...
...for an Italian product?
Speaking of Patches...
This is a little known patch worn on;
STS 28, 33, 36, 38, 39, 44 and 53.
The other DoD and NRO patches below were in other STS missions.
The mission descriptions did not include any information on the DoD segment of the flights because they're classified.
But after checking a few shuttle payload lists, these satellites were onboard;
STS 38...Magnum-3 (NRO-CIA SIGINT) reconnaissance;
USA-66 (GPS) military use.
STS 39...CRO-satellites (Chemical Release Observation) and SDI satellite MPEC (Strategic Defense Initiative) (Multipurpose Release Canister)
STS 44...DSP-16 (Defense Support Program) reconnaissance.
Also, the patch is not seen on any of the group astronaut photo sittings prior to launch.
Most people I've shown this patch to, don't recognize the letters as reading, "DOD", in the smoke plume.
But there is a drawing of the patch that clearly depicts the letters.
(far right image)
Source credit for drawing: http://spacefacts.net/english/flights.htm
If I'm interpreting the below document correctly,
NASA and the DoD have some explaining to do.
Interface Definition Document PDF (103Kbs) 49 pages
(IDD) for International Space Station (ISS) Visiting Vehicles (VV's), February 2000
This document is applicable to the newly designed space vehicles that will interact with the ISS.
This document is not applicable to Shuttle, Soyuz, Progress, and their modifications.
This document is also not applicable to the ISS modules.
(My Note) Just what VV's are they talking about? Those two sentences covered all vehicles...
.....that we know about. This is a very revealing document.
How about this excerpt:
An ISS Visiting Vehicle is defined as a spacecraft that has its own propulsion and control
systems, is able to perform independent maneuvers in space, and will interact with the ISS.
and this one...
22.214.171.124 Free-Flyer Servicing
The scope of maintenance performed on free-flyer vehicles docked to the ISS is defined by ISS
capabilities and depends significantly on the ISS docking port used. ISS ports for free flyers and
the scope of service for a specific vehicle of this type shall be defined and approved by the ISS Program.
So....just what are Free Flyers?
d. Free-flyer vehicles are ..."vehicles which operate independently in accordance with their programs,
and attach (dock or berth) to the ISS in order to obtain assistance for maintenance,
planned or emergency repair or replenishment of consumables for the extension of an autonomous space flight."
My note: Now, "replenishment of consumables" would be... propellant and/or food, water and air/oxygen.
The ISS does not replenish or repair satellites. Specially equipped autonomous space tugs or the Shuttle does that.
So...take a deep breath, fill 'er up and have an apple. Isn't it nice that "full service" stations are popular again?
Sounds like there is more happening up there than is reported.
Another "removed" section in the Code of Federal Regulations
Federal Register Vol. 56, No. 81
NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION
Manned Orbiting Laboratory (MOL) 550Kb 9 pages
The USAF project was supposedly cancelled in 1969.
The Air Force had spent 1.5 billion on the project from 1963-1969. (Reported amount)
Including, completion of the of Titan III-M HLV, the KH-10 reconnaissance telescope camera
(codename: Dorian), the modified Gemini B capsule connected to the MOL
and construction of the launch site at Vandenberg AFB.
Curiously, this DoD Directive, S-5200.13 was implemented in March, 1962.
Title: Security and Public Information Policy for Military Space Programs
A. "Adequate protection of military space programs is vital to the security of the United States. This requires the capability to launch, control and recover space vehicles without public knowledge of the timing of these actions or the specific mission involved."
So... the military can say anything or nothing about it's objectives and missions.
It really pisses me off that anytime the public tries to find out what the government or military is doing, we get the same old rhetoric about it being a matter of "National Security" and you don't need to know!
Space Launch Complex 6, Vandenberg AFB
Under construction 1966, specifically for MOL.
Today (277Kb) jpg,
The HLV launch complex is also capable of Shuttle launches.
The Air Force has a habit of naming roads with the
missions in mind. So isn't it interesting the road leading to the complex is called, "Lunar Road?" Someone also misspelled the word, Lunar.
Do Black Budget Trillions Support A Secret American Space Program?
November 20, 2007 Elmhurst, Illinois - The whole world knows about September 11, 2001, when the two World Trade towers melted down to New York City streets after terrorist-controlled airliners flew into them.
My note: If you believe that story.
The day before, on September 10th, 2001, then Secretary of Defense, Donald Rumsfeld, declared his own war on the Pentagon bureaucracy for wasting so much (unaccounted for) money. Sec. Rumsfeld said, "According to some estimates, we cannot track $2.3 trillion in transactions."
(My note: The actual amount is more like 12 trillion. And to put this amount in perspective, I've created a simple formula:
If you were to spend one thousand dollars every day, it would take a thousand days or just shy of three years to spend one million dollars.
Spend that same amount and it would take almost three thousand years to spend one billion dollars.
And a little less than three million years to spend one trillion dollars.)
"Michael Schratt has a theory about where all the black budget DOD trillions have been going over the past
60 years: to fund a top secret space program that no citizen in the United States knows about – including most of Congress."
Interview: Michael Schratt, Aerospace Draftsman, Armstrong Aerospace, Elmhurst, Illinois:
"We're spending multiple billions of dollars on classified black budget programs with no Congressional oversight whatsoever. One quick example is a document that I ran across at the Library of Congress, which is directly in back of the Capitol in Washington, D. C. There you can pick up a document called, 'DOD Budget for Fiscal Year 1994' or whatever year."
My Note: We don't have to visit the Library of Congress anymore. The above budget and more are available online...
Here is the same pdf, just in case the above link disappears: ADA264011 (3.12Mbs) 148 pages
On page 103, line item "other aircraft" is noted as:
1992...2 million dollars was the budget.
The new budget is handed out to Congress every January and the document has the subtitle:
RD T&E Programs (R-1), which stands for Research Development Test & Evaluation Programs R-1.
It's approximately 24 pages in length and when you go through this document, it starts to describe a number of programs that the Air Force is involved in and the funding for particular programs and they are called "Program Elements" or "Line Item Numbers."
My Note: There aren't any subtitle or elements he is referring to in the above budget document.
RD T&E Programs are in a separate budget document found here; http://www.defenselink.mil/comptroller/defbudget/fy2009/index.html#
But it only goes back to 1998.
PDF (44Kbs) 9 pages
LOK-1 Lunar Orbiter Craft
LOK-1 pdf (25Kb)
The LOK, which stands for Lunar Orbital Craft in Russian, could be called the Soyuz on steroids. While from the outside it looked like a stretched version of the original (7K-OK) version of the Soyuz, inside the LOK features a number of upgrades and unique systems, which enables it to support manned lunar expeditions.
Notice its shape is very similar to Progress also.
The Advanced Crew Transportation System pdf (148Kb) ACTS, also known as "Euro-Soyuz," emerged during 2006, when Russian company RKK Energia realized that its proposals to replace the workhorse Soyuz spacecraft with the Kliper reusable glider would be too ambitious for the current level of funding of the Russian space program.
As of 2006, Russian Space Agency expected to get nine billion rubles (355 million U.S.) until 2012 for the development of the next generation manned transport, of which, only 500 million (19.7 million U.S.) would be allocated for the task before 2010.
As a result, the agency decided to focus on the development of a modified Soyuz, capable of reaching lunar orbit. Potentially, such spacecraft could serve as a bridge paving the way for Kliper. http://www.russianspaceweb.com/soyuz_acts.html
Russian LKS (Black Shuttle)
LKS Project pdf (73Kb)
At the end of the 1980s, the Russian press revealed that a leading Soviet space designer, Vladimir Chelomei, had worked on a mini-Shuttle, which could be an economical alternative to the heavy US Space Shuttle and Russia's own Buran. However later publications hinted that Chelomei saw his reusable orbiter as the Soviet response to Ronald Reagan's "Star Wars" program. Chelomei's mini-Shuttle, apparently, would be capable of carrying laser weapons and shooting down American ballistic missiles. QuickTime clip: LKS Laser (3Mb)
Now we just couldn't let the Russians have the only Black Shuttle could we?
All references to the Black Horse are courtesy: http://www.risacher.org/bh/
U.S. Black Horse
Black Horse Shuttle pdf (178Kb)
Recent work at the Phillips Laboratory in Albuquerque, NM has focused on a space access concept involving in-flight propellant transfer. The concept is similar in terms of Delta-V to air launch concepts that have been previously proposed, but has some advantages over these concepts in terms of performance, scalability, safety, and operational simplicity.
U.S. Black Horse II TAV
Black Horse II TAV (Transatmospheric Vehicle) pdf (206Kb)
The ability to orbit, upgrade, or even retrieve dedicated, special purpose, space support capabilities quickly and (relatively) inexpensively will dramatically change space operations. Satellites will perform navigation and most housekeeping functions autonomously. Central ground sites will monitor, update software, and assist these satellites in identifying repair requirements. Theater forces will task the mission payloads on these satellites directly by using deployable ground systems that require less lift into theater than 1990s communications/data display terminals. The result will be an array of space systems and operations that are fully integrated into global operations.
Black Horse.mov (1.2Mb)
This next document is most compelling and direct evidence of
another type of space vehicle that could be in use today.
The craft already exists, the Shuttle external fuel tank.
In the transporter patent below you can see a
space launch and recovery platform depicted in the drawings.
The following is the abstract of the patent along with the drawings.
Remember the dates in the above DoD budget for; "Other Aircraft"?
United States Patent 5,092,545
U.S. Patent 5,092,545 PDF (625Kbs)
The above and next patent actually belongs on the Moon Mining page but the same group in the above patent, Bionetics Corporation, conceived this patent from the same Shuttle external tank into a lunar habitat module. Also, the tanks are too be converted in LEO, at a space station other than the ISS, giving one to believe there is more than one station in our orbit.
For these reasons I'm placing it below the transporter.
First, NASA funded the study (4212) for the:
"Single Launch Lunar Habitat Derived From NSTS External Tank" in 1990. Then patents were acquired by
Bionetics Corp and Langley Research Center with NASA as the Assignee for
both in 1992.
NASA Technical Memorandum 4212 pdf (2.12Mb) 1990
"Single Launch Lunar Habitat Derived From NSTS External Tank" in 1990.
Then patents were acquired by Bionetics Corp and Langley Research Center with NASA as the Assignee for both in 1992.
NASA Technical Memorandum 4212 pdf (2.12Mb) 1990
US Patent 5,094,409 pdf (556Kb) 1992
Method Of Providing A Lunar Habitat From An External Tank.
Inventors: Charles B. King, Hampton; Warren D. Hypes, Toano; Lisa C. Simonsen, Yorktown; Ansel J. Butterfield; John E. Nealy, both of Newport News; John B. Hall, Jr., Reston, all of Va.
Assignees: The Bionetics Corporation, Hampton, Va.;
The United States of America as represented by the Administrator of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Washington, D.C.
A lunar habitat is provided by placing an external tank of an orbiter in a low Earth orbit where the hydrogen tank is separated from the intertank and oxygen tank which form a base structure.
The base structure is then outfitted with an air lock, living quarters, a thermal control system, an environmental control and life support system, and a propulsion system. After the mounting of an outer sheath about the base structure to act as a micrometeoroid shield, the base structure is propelled to a soft landing on the moon.
The sheath is mounted at a distance from the base structure to provide a space there between which is filled with Regolith after landing.
Conveniently, a space station is used to outfit the base structure. Various elements of the oxygen tank and intertank are used in outfitting.
Another Bionetics Corp. design on Advanced Technologies
Space Stations (ATSS) 1988. PDF (17.7Mb) 249 pages.
Lunar and Planetary Mission Support
Space Craft Transit Center
Transition and Repair Center
SHARC pdf (3.95Mbs)
Space Habitat, Assembly and Repair Center 1992
The Hammerhead II configuration, shown in Figure A, will be composed of two 35' x 200' double deployable trusses separated by four 35' erectable trusses. There are two smaller bays for lunar vehicles and one large bay for assembling the Phobos and Mars Transfer vehicles.
We determined that the orbit of SHARC should be at an inclination of 28.5° and altitude of 380 km. This altitude is accessible to all current medium and heavy lift launch vehicles in use with only minor reductions in payload capacity.
The inclination angle was chosen because it provides an ideal transportation node for future Mars and Lunar exploration missions. This inclination can also be reached by rockets from both the Kennedy Space Center and Kourou.
NOTE: With respect to the orbit altitude mentioned above, the ISS rangesfrom 278 to 460 km (150 to 250 n. mi.) at an inclination of 51.6°
Hammerhead II side view
7.2.3 Satellite and Spacecraft Servicing and Assembly: The primary
function of SHARC is the orbital assembly and servicing of spacecraft,
satellites, payloads, and other station elements. These operations
will include the following: Maintenance and
Repair, Berthing and
Note: This certainly coincides with the above Interface Definition
Document on the ISS.
7.2.3 Satellite and Spacecraft Servicing and Assembly:
The primary function of SHARC is the orbital assembly and servicing of
spacecraft, satellites, payloads, and other station elements. These operations will include the following:
Maintenance and Repair,
Berthing and Docking,
Resupply, Refueling, Assembly.
Note: This certainly coincides with the above Interface Definition Document on the ISS.
On a side note, this is one of J.L. Walson's video captures.
The "side view" of the SHARC (above) and the IOSTAR (below) systems, look very much like the craft he recorded through his telescope. (Right)
In Orbit Space Transportation & Recovery System
US Patent 7070151b2 PDF (850Kb) 26 pages
One preferred embodiment of the present invention comprises a space tug powered by a nuclear
An Earth Orbiting Transportation Node
GATEWAY pdf (8.63Mbs)
A Design for an Earth Orbiting Transportation Hub
Dedicated to Supporting the Lunar Base.
1.1 Project Statement:
The operation of the Lunar base will not be possible without a transportation node in Earth orbit.
A facility of this type should betailored specifically to accommodate the needs of the base in terms of fuel storage, vehicle maintenance equipment, vehicle hangars, payload transfer equipment, and crew habitats.
It should be designed to allow expandability as traffic to and from the Moon increases, particularly if the production of Lunar liquid oxygen becomes economical.
The orbit of the transportation node should allow a large number of departure opportunities to possible Lunar destinations and be within reach of the launch vehicles, while not requiring excessive fuel to maintain altitude.
This next patent is also derived from a Shuttle external tank and converted at a platform in orbit for station structures.
US Patent 4,807,833 pdf (1.16Mb) 1989
Combined Space Vehicle Fuel Cell And Space Station Structural Building Component.
A combined space vehicle fuel cell and modular space station structural building component which provides containment of propellants during launch and thereafter provides one of a plurality of modules which can be interconnected once orbit is achieved for constructing a space station or space platform.
SPACE MANUFACTURING MODULE System And Method pdf (1.04Mb) 2006
The benefits realized through this manufacturing in space vision are significant. The immediate benefit is the in situ repair and fabrication “machine shop” in space for making components and systems. Such a facility can be a key component in saving lives and/or providing a greater opportunity for survivability for astronauts, and space travelers during a mission. Through this concept of manufacturing in space, very large scale space structures call be built thus reducing the cost for launch of such structures.
Method And Apparatus For Supplying Orbital Space Platforms Using Payload Canisters Via Intermediate Orbital Rendezvous And Docking.
US Patent 2003164428A1 pdf (507Kb)
In a space platform supply system, a canister containing supply for a space platform is launched into orbit using a launch vehicle. An intermediate space vehicle rendezvous and docks with the canister while the attached launch vehicle provides the necessary orbit maintenance and stabilization to enable the docking. After docking, the intermediate space vehicle detaches the canister from the launch vehicle element or the launch vehicle element may initiate detachment from the intermediate space vehicle/canister.
Also, the canister is preferably standardized such that it can be attached to a wide variety of space platforms.
Autonomous Orbit Transfer Vehicle
US Patent US2003042369A1.pdf (340Kb)
An orbit transfer vehicle for transporting cargo between a low Earth orbit and a higher Earth orbit having a body and an engine operably coupled to the body. A reaction control system is further provided and is operably coupled to the body. The reaction control system having a plurality of thrusters capable of maneuvering the orbit transfer vehicle.
Patent Application Publication US2006163434A1 pdf (308Kb)
Spacecraft For Interplanetary/Lunar Travel
A self-propelled spacecraft may provide an artificial gravity environment for interplanetary and/or lunar travel. The spacecraft may be useful not only for interplanetary and/or lunar mission travel, but also for carrying supplies to space habitats, such as lunar habitats, and also for general exploration of space, including study of distant planets and stars.
The spacecraft may travel on excursions of extended duration and of great distances, such as, for example to Mars or beyond. The spacecraft may provide an environment that ensures crew comfort for such extended interplanetary and/or lunar travel.
US Patent 7,118,077B1 PDF
Special Note: Kistler Aerospace (above patent inventor)
and Rocketplane Limited merged to form RpK Inc.
One of two companies awarded NASA contracts to develop the next HLV.
(Heavy Lift Vehicle)
Oklahoma City, OK, March 29, 2007 – Rocketplane Kistler, Inc. (RpK) announced today that a Space Act Agreement (SAA) has been established with the NASA Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) to use NASA's Michoud Assembly Facility (MAF) in New Orleans, LA for the assembly of the K-1 Space Transportation System.
RpK Release pdf (28Kb)
Kistler Launch Vehicle pdf (56Kb)
SpaceX is the second company with the same task.
August 29, 2006
(some good launch videos here)
WASHINGTON -- NASA Administrator Mike Griffin does not mince words when he calls the Commercial Orbital Transportation Services (COTS) demonstration effort a gamble, albeit one with the potential to pay off big time if the entrepreneurial sector delivers.
"I've said many times that I think -- obviously by the fact that I'm gambling a half-billion dollars here -- commercial space has a pretty strong supporter in me as NASA administrator," Griffin said in a recent interview. "If it doesn't work, I've frankly made the wrong bet ... with a good amount of money that we could have used for other purposes if the entrepreneurial sector is, in fact, not able to step up."
That $500 million wager has been placed on two very different firms that both have the same goal: building a vehicle that will meet NASA's need for a new way to deliver supplies to the international space station after the space shuttle fleet is retired in 2010.
The two winners of the COTS demonstration contracts NASA awarded Aug. 18 -- Space Exploration Technologies Corp. (SpaceX) and Rocketplane Kistler -- both intend to develop new kerosene-fueled rockets to launch their proposed crew and cargo modules on confidence-building test flights before shooting for the international space station.
Both SpaceX and Rocketplane Kistler have a considerable amount of hardware already on hand -- more, in fact, than any of the four other COTS finalists the pair beat out for the awards.
Both companies intend to combine the money they receive from NASA -- SpaceX is getting $278 million and Rocketplane Kistler $207 million -- with additional private investment.
Both companies also plan to berth their cargo modules to the international space station with the aid of the outpost's giant robot arm.
But that is pretty much where the big similarities between the two competitors end.
El Segundo, Calif.-based SpaceX was founded just four years ago by thirty-something whiz kid Elon Musk who made a fortune building and selling two Internet businesses before setting his sights on space.
Rocketplane Kistler, at least the Kistler portion of the Oklahoma City-based company, has been trying to field the fully reusable K-1 rocket for nearly 15 years and is led by an industry veteran who has held top jobs at Boeing and NASA.
AMROC to SpaceDev
SpaceDev is one of the losing contractors in the COTS program above.
But not out of the game. They just announced being awarded another contract for a Lunar Lander.
Industrial Launch Vehicle / Aquila / American Rocket [Amroc]
Chartering American Rocket [Amroc] in March, 1985, George Koopman and his colleagues researched and developed the first working hybrid rockets ever to be tested in the United States. That they managed to do this for only about $10 million over 4 years was a sterling example of how efficient free enterprise can be when allowed to work unfettered. It was also a tribute to George Koopman's driving spirit and to his desire to work for the attainment of his dreams. George Koopman wanted Amroc to be the Federal Express of space.
George Koopman, one of the cofounders of the American Rocket Co., and the president and chief executive officer of Amroc since its creation, died July 19, 1989, of injuries sustained in an automobile accident. He was 44. Mr. Koopman was an example of one of those people who have literally built America--the entrepreneur. It was Mr. Koopman's dream, and the dream of his fellow American Rocket Co. cofounders and financial backers, to found a company that would create affordable access to space.
AMROC officials affirmed that preparations for the company's first space launch, scheduled for August 14, 1989, would continue as planned. The sounding rocket SET-1 (Single Engine Test Flight#1), thrust 324,000N and was launched on October 5th 1989.
An extensive knowledge base was produced by American Rocket Company over its eight-year history. The technical rights, proprietary data and patents produced by AMROC were the result of over $20 million worth of hybrid rocket motor research. AMROC designed and hot test fired a wide variety of hybrid rocket motors of all sizes, utilizing non-toxic storable propellants. AMROC completed approximately 300 hybrid motor tests from 100 to 250,000 pounds of thrust.
In August 1998 SpaceDev, the world's first commercial space exploration company, acquired exclusive rights to intellectual property including the three patents originally issued to American Rocket Company (Amroc) for their hybrid rocket motor technology. In addition, SpaceDev acquired exclusive possession of and access to a large quantity of Amroc engineering documents, plans, designs, test results, manufacturing data, and other materials related to the rocket motors and Amroc launch vehicles.
OK, AMROC spends $20 million and eight years to perfect Hybrid Propulsion.
Cofounder and CEO George A. Koopman dies in auto crash after 4 years. (Suspicious to me)
AMROC goes belly-up after 8 years. (Government doesn't like to pay for licensed patents)
SpaceDev acquires AMROC and all property including patents. (Typical hostile takeover tactic)
SpaceDev acquires contract for Lunar Lander from International Lunar Observatory Association.
(Refer to above Aug 23, 2007 announcement)
These facts tell me the powers-that-be get what they want, even at the cost of human life.
George Koopman 8 years before AMROC. 1977
The L-5 Society (pdf 1Mb) (First Article in newsletter)
(More on the L-5 Society below)
George A. Koopman is President of INSGROUP Inc.
(Instructional Systems Group) of Huntington Beach, California, designers,
developers and producers of audio-visual programs and products.
He is partner and Director of Future Presentations, a Los Angeles-based lecture
bureau representing speakers on future oriented topics such as space
industrialization, extra-terrestrial intelligence and life extension.
Mr. Koopman is also the Executive Producer of “The Joyful Wisdom Program",
a nationally syndicated weekly radio program with a futuristic outlook.
His comments on space industrialization were carried
in the recent “Shuttle” issue of Business Week.
As it turns out, Koopman was also involved with "other" activities according to Edward Epstein:
"I received a phone call from a man named George Koopman during one of our Esalen seminars in 1976. He asked if he could come to Big Sur. I said yes. Koopman soon became a financial patron of my Ghost Busters at Esalen. Koopman was a close friend of Dan Akroyd and my group was the inspiration for the film Ghost Busters. He provided money through military contracts with the Air Force and the U.S. Army Tank Command funneled through his company Insgroup in Irvine, California." Epstein also adds...
..."It may be that Koopman's death in 1989 was no accident."
Source: http://www.qedcorp.com/pcr/pcr/si03.html (Reference 46)
Pdf of same reference: Koopman (page 5) 85Kbs
SpaceDev "Dream Chaser"
Dream Chaser: SpaceDev Advanced Systems pdf (94Kb)
entrepreneurial space industry that has been emerging over the past years
is changing the course of how space is accessed, explored and utilized. As
this paradigm shift occurs, SpaceDev is in a unique position of leading
this charge with its broad technology base, its depth of capability, and
its entrepreneurial roots. The Advanced Systems group is chartered with
developing the advanced systems and technologies that are supporting this
sea-change in our industry.
Leveraging the work performed on the NASA HL-20, the Dream Chaser will provide a safe and affordable, solution for commercial space operations, will launch vertically and land horizontally on conventional runways. Leveraging the work performed on the NASA HL-20, the Dream Chaser provides a safe and affordable solution for commercial space operations.
Dream Chaser Video http://www.spacedev.com/
Click on "Videos", scroll down and click on "COTS ISS"
3 crew- "Space Ship One", 2004
with SpaceDev Hybrid Propulsion
More SpaceDev products on the next page.
Laser Plasma Thruster
Laser Plasma Thruster pdf (930Kb) U.S. Patent 6,530,212
March 11, 2003
Phipps , et al.
A spacecraft thruster and propulsion method comprising a laser directed at an ablation target, wherein when the laser is operating, material ablates from the ablation target, thereby generating a thrust vector on the spacecraft.
Yet another advantage of the present invention is that it can be extended to larger-scale propulsion systems in which a remote laser of arbitrary power located, for example, on the Earth, the Moon, or another space station propels a distant object or spacecraft using
the same physical principles.
Lagrangian Libration Points
The L-5 Society
L-5: A Place In Space
by T.A. Heppenheimer
L5 is the Fifth Lagrangian Libration Point. But what are libration points? They are locations where a spacecraft may be placed so as always to remain in the same position with respect to the Earth and the Moon. (See diagram at right)
The Italian-French mathematician, Joseph Louis Lagrange, in 1772, showed that there are five such points. Three of them lie on a line connecting the Earth and Moon; these are L1, L2, and L3. They are unstable; a body placed there and moved slightly will tend to move away, though it will not usually crash directly onto the Earth or Moon. The other two are L4 and L5.
They lie at equal distance from Earth and Moon, in the Moon's orbit, thus forming equilateral triangles with Earth and Moon. The Sun is in the picture, and it disturbs the orbits of spacecraft and colonies. It turns out (from an extremely messy calculation done only in 1968) that with the Sun in the picture, a colony could be placed not directly at L4 or L5, but rather in an orbit around one of these points. The orbit keeps the colony about 90,000 miles from its central libration point.
But what has people excited is not what orbit might be used, but rather what could be done there. Space industries in high Earth orbits could manufacture Solar Power Satellites (SPS) from lunar or asteroidal resources. Each SPS could deliver twice as much low cost, environmentally safe energy to Earth, via microwaves, as the Grand Coulee Dam, and forty five of them could meet the total present electrical power needs of the U.S.
This activity would create tens of thousands of jobs in space as well as on Earth within as short a time as 15 years, and getting tens of thousands of us living and working in space is the goal of the L5 Society.
1975-1987 (Click image for web site)
Space Settlements: A design Study pdf (7.1Mb) 1975
Note: I created this pdf from the complete online text and illustrations for more convenient reading. Text reproduced in original order with illustrations added to pages.
The following report grew out of a 10 week program in engineering systems design held at Stanford University and the Ames Research Center of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration during the summer of 1975. This program, sponsored jointly by NASA and the American Society for Engineering Education, brought together nineteen professors of engineering, physical science, social science, and architecture, three volunteers, six students, a technical director, and two co-directors. This group worked for ten weeks to construct a convincing picture of how people might permanently sustain life in space on a large scale.
Watch The Moon Closely
Facts Are The Only Truth
All content created by Boomslanger.com ©2000-2011 is not for public use and/or distribution.
Contact me from the link in the menu for use of material.
All other content used with permission or are public domain. All rights reserved.
All Boomslanger.com ©2011 content has embedded identification codes.